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Methods & requirements

Volvo STD 423-0069 test

Corrosion testing determines the resistance of materials to corrosion under specific environmental conditions, like temperature and humidity. Other accelerating factors can be presence of chemicals and the pH-level of the salt fog and pluviometry.

There are mainly two different types of corrosion testing, field performance and accelerated corrosion tests. Cotec Labs is focused on different types of standardized corrosion tests.

What is important when choosing a test method is to make sure the controlled environment matches the natural outside environment in terms of behaviour of the protective coating when it degrades. Since the methods used in a laboratory environment are accelerated, studies must underpin the extrapolation of test duration.

Volvo STD 423-0069 test
Control Art Chambers used for Volvo STD 423-0069

Accelerated corrosion testing by Volvo STD 423-0069, ACT 2 (Type 2)

The test standard Volvo STD 423-0069 describes a test method called ACT2 which is an abbreviation of accelerated corrosion test, ACT version II, and is a test method used for testing the corrosion resistance on vehicle parts. The standard Volvo STD 423-0069 is based on the Volvo standard VCS 1027,1449 and defines an accelerated corrosion test method to be used in assessing corrosion resistance of metals influenced by chloride ions from salt spray solution. The test is performed by simulating atmospheric corrosion conditions in a controlled way and is used for:

 Aluminium and magnesium substrate with organic coatings

 Anodised aluminium

 Crevice corrosion on surface coated ferrous metal substrates

Test procedure and assessment

Samples to be tested for corrosion resistance according to Volvo STD 423-0069, are tested in controlled climate chambers during a defined exposure time. The exposure time in the chamber is described by requirement standards and requirement level and depends amongst other on the surface treatment of the test samples. Cotec Labs har using Control Art Chambers for Volvo STD 423-0069, which is a requirement from AB Volvo.

The accelerated corrosion test is finished when the specified exposure time for the test samples is reached. Upon finishing the corrosion testing the samples are evaluated for corrosion resistance. Several assessments are applicable: general corrosion, propagation from scribe and evaluation of edge corrosion.

Test cycle

During a corrosion resistance test according to Volvo STD 423-0069 the atmospheric corrosion conditions are accelerated using a cyclic corrosion test method in a controlled chamber (Control Art Chambers).

The test cycles consist of controlled humidity and temperature cycling with application of salt by rain phase. One test cycle corresponds to one week of testing. The one-week test cycle is composed of two twelve-hour sub-cycles. Sub-cycle 1 consists of controlled and varied temperature and humidity, combined with salt application by salt spray exposure that consist of 0.5% NaCl solution. Sub-cycle 2 consists of constant temperature and humidity.

The variation in temperature is 25-50 degrees C and the relative humidity (humidity % RH) reaches from 70 to 95. The complete one-week test cycle consists of 5 repetitions of sub-cycle 1 followed by 2 repetitions of sub-cycle 2.

Corrosion resistance requirements

Corrosion resistance requirements for samples tested by Volvo STD 423-0069 are specified by requirement standards. The requirements depend on the substrate and coating of the samples and the environment the samples are exposed to during position in the vehicle.

Example of requirement standards where accelerated corrosion testing by test method Volvo STD 423-0069 is required are:

  • Volvo STD 121-0001, Painting Y600
  • Volvo STD 121-0016, EC Paint
  • Volvo STD 121-0021, Y1600

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Talk to our corrosion test experts

Are you interested in conducting a test? Feel free to contact us – we’re here to assist you every step of the way.

Joakim Ekström

Senior Test Engineer / Market & Sales Manager

Erik Waltersson

Senior Test Engineer / Technical Manager

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